Engineering Institute of Technology

 

Unit Name

APPLIED FLUID MECHANICS

Unit Code

BCS206S

 

Unit Duration

1 Term (2 Terms for 24 week delivery*)

Award

Bachelor of Science (Engineering)

 

Duration 3 years

Year Level

Two

Unit Creator/Reviewer

 

Core/Elective

 

Pre/Co-requisites

BSC103C, BSC107C

Credit Points

3

 

Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or On-campus

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery)

Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours (0.75 hours for 24 week delivery)

Tutorial – 1.5 hours

(0.75 hours for 24 week delivery)

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours (1 hour for 24 week delivery)

Personal Study recommended – 5 hours (2.5 hours for 24 week delivery)

 

* This unit may be delivered over 24 weeks (2 Terms) because the nature of the content is deemed suitable (from a pedagogical perspective) for a longer duration than the standard 12 week (1 Term). In addition, these 24-week duration Units require half the student workload hours, 5 hours per week, which allows the total load to be kept at 15 hours per week when combined with a typical 10 hours per week, 12-week Unit. EIT has extensive data to demonstrate that if the load is higher than 15 hours per week the attrition rate for part time students dramatically increases.

The objective in presenting this unit is to provide students with a comprehensive introduction to fluid mechanics for civil and environmental engineering applications.

 

The unit contents will also provide students with the opportunity to further develop their physical intuition and abstraction levels by performing, within a team framework, a sequence of fluid mechanics experiments that progressively build essential experience in physical modelling through the collection and analyses of experimental data.

 

The subject matter covered in this unit will include: fundamental fluid mechanics concepts and processes; solving quantitative fluid mechanics problems; undertaking pre-laboratory calculations and associated fluid mechanics laboratory experiments.

 

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Demonstrate and communicate a broad knowledge of fluid mechanics concepts and processes using both text and illustrations.

  2. Solve quantitative fluid mechanics problems using complex reasoning and the selection of appropriate solutions.

  3. Participate effectively in a sequence pre-laboratory calculations and associated fluid mechanics laboratory experiments and produce and critique reports.

  4. Integrate appropriate analysis and calculations for the initial design of typical engineering hydraulic systems.

  5. Conduct fluid mechanics practicals.

    Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

    1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

      1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

      2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

      3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

      4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

      5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

      6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

      7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

      8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

    2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

      1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

      2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

      3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

      4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

      5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

    3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

      1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

      2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

      3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

      4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.

 

Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency

1.

Knowledge and Skill Base

1.1

Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.

1.2

Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.

1.3

In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.

1.4

Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.

1.5

Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.

1.6

Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.

2.

Engineering Application Ability

2.1

Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.

2.2

Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.

2.3

Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.

2.4

Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.

3.

Professional and Personal Attributes

3.1

Ethical conduct and professional accountability.

3.2

Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.

3.3

Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.

3.4

Professional use and management of information.

3.5

Orderly management of self and professional conduct.

3.6

Effective team membership and team leadership.

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:

 

Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines

 

1.1, 1.3

 

1, 2, 3, 4

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology

 

1.2

 

1, 2, 3, 4

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain

1.4

1, 2, 3, 4

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain

 

1.5

 

2, 3, 4

B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems

 

1.4, 2.1, 2.3

 

3, 4

B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice

 

2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2

 

3, 4

C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience

 

3.2

 

1, 2, 3, 4, 5

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures

3.2

5

D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3

3, 4

D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain

 

2.4

 

5

E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability

 

1.6, 3.1, 3.4

 

1, 2, 5

E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work

 

3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6

 

1, 2, 5

This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.

 

 

 

Graduate Attributes

A1

A2

A3

A4

B1

B2

C1

C2

D1

D2

E1

E2

 

Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

1.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit Learning Outcomes

LO1

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO2

 

 

 

 

 

LO3

 

 

 

 

LO4

 

 

 

 

LO5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Student assessment

Assessment Type

When assessed

Weighting (% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed

 

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Fluids properties and Fluids in Static Equilibrium, pressure.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts.

 

Week 3

(Week 6 for

24 week delivery)

 

15%

 

1

 

Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Control Volume; Momentum Analysis & Energy Equations; Pressures in Accelerating Fluid Systems.

Students may be asked to provide solutions to simple problems on various topics.

 

Week 7

(Week 14

for 24 week delivery)

 

20%

 

1, 2

 

Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

/ Report

Example Topics: Team work practical: conduct fluid mechanics laboratory experiments and produce a report. Critique by group members on each other’s laboratory reports.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers or solve some simple problems or use software to complete a practical.

 

Week 9

(Week 18

for 24 week delivery)

 

20%

 

3, 5

 

Assessment 4 Type: Examination All topics

An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours.

 

Final Week

 

40%

 

1, 2, 4

 

Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.

Continuous

5%

1 to 5

Prescribed and recommended readings

 

Required textbook(s)

Elger, Donald, F., Williams, Barbara C., Crowe, Clayton, T., and Roberson, John, A. (2012). Engineering Fluid Mechanics. 10th Edition. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1118372203

 

Reference Materials

Bugler, J 1990, Fluid Mechanics for Technologists, Longman Cheshire, ISBN 978- 0582712379

 

Unit Content:

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.

 

Topic 1

Introduction

  • Liquids and Gases

  • The Continuum Assumption

  • Dimensions, Units, and Resources

  • Topics in Dimensional Analysis

  • Engineering Analysis

  • Applications and Connections 12

     

    Topic 2

    Fluid Properties

  • Properties Involving Mass and Weight

  • Ideal Gas Law

  • Properties Involving Thermal Energy

  • Viscosity

  • Bulk Modulus of Elasticity

  • Surface Tension

  • Vapour Pressure

     

    Topic 3

    Pressure

  • Pressure Variation with Elevation

  • Pressure Measurements

  • Forces on Plane Surfaces (Panels)

  • Forces on Curved Surfaces

  • Buoyancy

  • Stability of Immersed and Floating Bodies

     

    Topic 4

    Control Volume

  • Rate of Flow

  • Control Volume Approach

  • Continuity Equation

  • Cavitation

  • Differential Form of the Continuity Equation

     

    Topic 5

    Steady Flow Energy Equations

  • Energy, Work, and Power

  • Energy Equation: General Form

  • Energy Equation: Pipe Flow

  • Power Equation

  • Contrasting the Bernoulli Equation and the Energy Equation

  • Transitions

  • Hydraulic and Energy Grade Lines

     

    Topic 6

    Momentum Analysis

  • Momentum Equation: Derivation

  • Momentum Equation: Interpretation

  • Common Applications

  • Additional Applications

  • Moment-of-Momentum Equation

  • Navier-Stokes Equation

     

    Topic 7

    Pressures in Accelerating Fluid Systems

  • Descriptions of Fluid Motion

  • Acceleration

  • Euler’s Equation

  • Pressure Distribution in Rotating Flows

  • The Bernoulli Equation Along a Streamline

  • Rotation and Vorticity

  • The Bernoulli Equation in Irrotational Flow

     

    Topics 8 &9

    Dimensional Analysis and Similarity

  • Need for Dimensional Analysis

  • Buckingham Theorem

  • Dimensional Analysis

  • Common -Groups

  • Similitude

  • Model Studies for Flows without Free-Surface Effects

  • Model-Prototype Performance

  • Approximate Similitude at High Reynolds Numbers

  • Free-Surface Model Studies

     

    Topics 10 & 11

    Flow Measurement

  • Measuring Velocity and Pressure

  • Measuring Flow Rate (Discharge)

  • Measurement in Compressible Flow

  • Accuracy of Measurements

 

Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of students’ work and to clarify any outstanding issues.

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