Engineering Institute of Technology

 

Unit Name

SAFETY SYSTEMS ENGINEERING

Unit Code

BIA 208S

 

Unit Duration

Term

Award

Bachelor of Science (Engineering)

 

Duration 3 years

Year Level

Two

Unit Creator/Reviewer

 

Core/Sub-discipline

Sub-discipline

Pre/Co-requisites

 

BIA108S

Credit Points

3

 

Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or On-campus

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)

Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours Tutorial – 1.5 hours

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours

Personal Study recommended - 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims

The objective in presenting this unit is to impart to students the principles and application of the safety systems which are engineered to meet the demanding safety standards in industry. The subject matter covered in this unit will include: hazard identification and protection – particularly in the context of international standards, certification and approvals; safety instrument and emergency shutdown principles and processes; and, the principles and practices of Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOPS) – particularly in the context of managing safety in a team environment using the Six Level Life Cycle Method.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Identify risks in hazardous areas.

  2. Evaluate the hazard protection requirements and the principles of hazard management.

  3. Apply the relevant standards, certification, and approvals for hazardous areas.

  4. Perform risk assessment for potentially hazardous areas.

  5. Assess the safety instrumentation and emergency shutdown safety requirements for machines and processes.

  6. Perform HAZOP analysis.

Professional Development

Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

  1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

    1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

    2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

    3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

    4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

    5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

    6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

    7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

    8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

  2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

    1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

    2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

    3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

    4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

    5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

  3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

    1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

    2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

    3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

    4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation

Engineers Australia

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.

 

Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency

1.

Knowledge and Skill Base

1.1

Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.

1.2

Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.

1.3

In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.

1.4

Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.

1.5

Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.

1.6

Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.

2.

Engineering Application Ability

2.1

Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.

2.2

Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.

2.3

Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.

2.4

Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.

3.

Professional and Personal Attributes

3.1

Ethical conduct and professional accountability.

3.2

Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.

3.3

Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.

3.4

Professional use and management of information.

3.5

Orderly management of self and professional conduct.

3.6

Effective team membership and team leadership.

Graduate Attributes

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:

 

Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines

 

1.1, 1.3

 

2, 3, 4, 5, 6

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology

 

1.2

 

4, 6

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain

1.4

1, 2, 3, 6

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain

 

1.5

 

B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems

 

1.4, 2.1, 2.3

 

4, 6

B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice

 

2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2

 

2

C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience

 

3.2

 

1, 4, 6

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures

3.2

 

D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3

 

D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain

 

2.4

 

6

E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability

 

1.6, 3.1, 3.4

 

2, 6

E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work

 

3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6

 

1, 4, 6

Unit Competency and Learning Outcome Map

This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.

 

 

 

Graduate Attributes

A1

A2

A3

A4

B1

B2

C1

C2

D1

D2

E1

E2

 

Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

1.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit Learning Outcomes

LO1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO6

 

 

 

 

Student assessment

Assessment Type

When assessed

Weighting

 

(% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed

 

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Hazard identification, protection, standards, equipment.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts

 

Week 4

 

15%

 

1, 2

 

Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Students will illustrate how risk assessment is done for a potentially hazardous area.

Students may provide solutions to simple problems on the listed topics

 

Week 6

 

20%

 

4

 

Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

/ Report

Example Topic: PLCs, safety life cycle, SIL, Reliability analysis.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers or solve some simple problems or using software to complete a practical.

 

Week 9

 

20%

 

5

 

Assessment 4

Type: Examination Example Topic: All topics

An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours

 

Final Week

 

40%

 

1 to 6

 

Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.

Continuous

10%

1 to 6

Prescribed and Recommended Readings

 

Textbook

Gruhn, P, Cheddie, HL 2006, Safety Instrumented Systems - Design, Analysis, and Justification, 2nd edn, ISA, ISBN 978-1-60119-334-6. Online version available at: http://app.knovel.com/hotlink/toc/id:kpSISDAJE7/safety-instrumented-systems/safety-instrumented- systems

 

 

Reference

IDC Technologies, Practical HAZOPS, Trips and Alarms, IDC Technologies, Perth.

IDC Technologies, Practical HAZOPS for Engineers and Technicians, IDC Technologies, Perth.

IDC Technologies, Practical Hazardous Areas for Engineers and Technicians, IDC Technologies, Perth.

 

Journal, website

N/a

 

Notes and Reference texts

Knovel library: http://app.knovel.com

IDC notes and Reference texts as advised Other material advised during the lectures

 

Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.

Topic 1

 

Introduction to Hazard Identification and Protection

  1. Hazardous areas - introduction (material properties, explosions)

  2. Risk assessment and equipment classification (zone concept)

  3. Standards (British, European, North American, International)

  4. Certification and approvals (Principles of IEx, EEx, AEx)

 

Topics 2 and 3

 

Hazard Protection

  1. Protection in hazardous areas (theory, definitions)

  2. Use of a range of protection techniques (encapsulation, pressurization, oil- immersion, and etc.)

  3. Installation (requirements, earthing, bonding, operation, tools and test equipment)

  4. Inspection and maintenance (use of tools and test equipment)

 

Topics 4 and 5

 

Safety Instrumentation and Emergency Shutdown Safety Requirements of Machines and Processes – Part 1

  1. Management of safety instrumented systems (risk reduction, Safety Integrity Levels (SIL))

  2. Design and performance of safety control systems

  3. Scope, application, and requirements of IEC61508 and IEC61511

  4. Features of safety PLCs

  5. Safety Life Cycle (hazard analysis, risk assessment, safety specification)

  6. Risk reduction (demand, continuous)

  7. SIL targets (LOPA, risk graphs)

  8. Fault tolerance and redundancy

 

Topics 6 and 7

 

Safety Instrumentation and Emergency Shutdown Safety Requirements of Machines and Processes – Part 2

  1. Essential features of field devices

  2. Equipment selection and certification

  3. Safety software systems

  4. Reliability analysis

  5. Diagnostic and proof testing

  6. Safety certified and smart instruments

 

Topics 8 and 9

 

HAZOPS – Part 1

  1. HAZOPS (principles and practices)

  2. Hazard studies and regulations

  3. Six Level Life Cycle Model

  4. Managing safety in team environment (safety teams, team leaders, reporting, and recording)

 

Topics 10 and 11

 

HAZOPS – Part 2

  1. Typical SIS design features and application examples

  2. Risk assessment and risk matrix

  3. Risk reduction and protection layers

  4. Hazard analysis methods (FMEA, FTA, and LOPA)

 

Topic 12

 

Project and Unit Review

 

In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

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