Engineering Institute of Technology


Unit Name


Unit Code

BME 208S


Unit Duration



Bachelor of Science (Engineering)


Duration 3 years

Year Level


Unit Creator/Reviewer





BSC101C, BSC102C

Credit Points



Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or on-campus.

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)

Lecture : 1.5 hours

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments : 2 hours Tutorial : 1.5 hours

Personal Study : 5 hours

The objective in presenting this unit is to provide students with the knowledge to improve energy efficiency through an understanding of the principles associated with it, including assessing wastage, and analysing energy costs. Students will also be imparted with the necessary tools to help identify and implement programs and projects that will result in reduced energy consumption, and consequently improved efficiency.


The subject matter covered in this unit will include: energy efficiency improvement measures and practices; concepts related to electrical generation and usage; technologies and economics of renewable energy systems; and, the design, installation, commissioning and integration of renewable energy technologies such as photovoltaic (PV), wind powered systems and fuel cells. Students will also undertake project work involving the presentation of case study examples in designing wind energy and PV renewable energy systems.


At the conclusion of this unit, students will have been imparted with the requisite knowledge to undertake energy systems work, including the development, operation, and management of renewable energy systems, particularly in the context of photovoltaic, wind energy and fuel cell systems.


Learning Outcomes


On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Implement energy efficiency improvement measures.

  2. Detail concepts related to electrical generation and usage.

  3. Establish energy efficient practices.

  4. Discuss the technologies and economics of renewable energy systems.

  5. Detail the design, installation, commissioning and integration aspects of PV, wind energy systems and fuel cells.

  6. Develop, operate, and manage renewable energy systems.

    Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

    1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

      1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

      2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

      3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

      4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

      5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

      6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

      7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

      8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

    2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

      1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

      2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

      3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

      4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

      5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

    3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

      1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

      2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

      3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

      4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.


Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency


Knowledge and Skill Base


Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.


Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.


In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.


Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.


Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.


Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.


Engineering Application Ability


Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.


Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.


Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.


Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.


Professional and Personal Attributes


Ethical conduct and professional accountability.


Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.


Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.


Professional use and management of information.


Orderly management of self and professional conduct.


Effective team membership and team leadership.

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:


Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines


1.1, 1.3


1, 3, 4, 5, 6

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology




1, 3

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain


2, 4, 5, 6

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain




5, 6

B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems


1.4, 2.1, 2.3



B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice


2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2


C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience




1, 3

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures



D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3

5, 6

D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain




3, 5, 6

E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability


1.6, 3.1, 3.4


E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work


3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6


This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.




Graduate Attributes














Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

























































































































































































Unit Learning Outcomes


























































Student assessment

Assessment Type

When assessed



(% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed


Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Energy efficiency principles.

Students will complete a quiz with MCQ type answers to 30 questions to demonstrate relevant knowledge of the basic principles of energy efficiency.


Week 3






Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Energy sources, electrical generation, usage, energy efficient practices.

Students will complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and provide answers to simple essay questions on energy sources and electrical generation, usage and energy efficient practices.


Week 5




2, 3


Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

/ Report

Example Topic: Introduction to renewable energy technology, PV energy systems

Students will provide descriptive answers and solve simple problems to produce evidence of their understanding of the technologies driving renewable energy systems and PV energy system principles and concepts or undertake a practical exercise.


Week 8




4, 5


Assessment 4

Type: Project work or Examination

Example Topic: Wind energy and PV renewable energy systems, All Topics.


Students to present case study examples in designing wind energy and PV renewable energy systems or an examination with a mix of detailed essay type questions and numerical problems covering all topics to be completed within 3 hours.


Final Week




1 to 6


Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.






1 to 6

Prescribed and recommended readings



Quaschning, V 2014, Understanding Renewable Energy Systems, Routledge ISBN-13: 978- 1317762706



Handbook of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Frank Kreith, D.Yogi Goswami 2007,

1st edn, CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-0849317309


Journal, website

Peer-reviewed journals and websites (advised during lectures)


Notes and Reference texts

IDC Technologies

Other material advised during the lectures


Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.


Topics 1 and 2

Introduction to Energy Efficiency

  1. Energy and the environment

  2. Energy forms and conversion

  3. Energy sources and sinks

  4. Better use of energy

  5. Channelling waste energy into useful output

  6. Energy audit and principles

  7. Basic financials

  8. Improving efficiencies

  9. Reduction and re-use of heat wastage

  10. Recovery of exhaust heat from engines

  11. Energy efficient designs for equipment and buildings

  12. Cogeneration for better efficiency


Topic 3

Energy Sources and Forms

  1. Energy converted to electricity for direct use

  2. Electricity in metal smelting

  3. Fuels for motive power

  4. Fuels for heating applications

  5. Use of fuels as part of a process

  6. Conversion equipment and challenges

  7. Alternative energy sources – solar, wind, geothermal, tidal, small hydro, biofuels, hydrogen


Topic 4

Electrical Generation, Usage and Energy Efficient Practices

  1. Conversion systems for electrical energy

  2. Commonly used fuels

  3. Improving conversion efficiencies

  4. Major users

  5. Efficiencies in electricity usage

  6. Uses of electricity

  7. Energy efficient building design


Topic 5

Renewable Energy Systems

  1. Renewable and sustainable energy

  2. Economics of renewable energy

  3. Forces driving the technologies

  4. Solar water heating systems

  5. Hybrid energy systems


Topics 6 and 7

PV Energy Systems

  1. System components and configurations

  2. PV cells

  3. Modules and arrays

  4. Mechanical design

  5. Panel assembly and roof attachment methods

  6. Mechanical design problems

  7. Electrical system overview

  8. Inverters

  9. System electrical design

  10. Grid connection

  11. Design problems

  12. Storage of energy

  13. Load profiles

Topics 8 and 9

Wind Energy Systems

  1. Mechanics of wind

  2. Local effects on wind flow

  3. Wind assessment at a potential site

  4. System design and installation

  5. Aerodynamics and power control

  6. Dynamics and fatigue

  7. Electricity generation and integration

  8. On-shire and off-shore wind energy systems

  9. Economics


Topic 10

Fuel Cells

  1. Overview of fuel cell technology

  2. Principles of electrochemical energy conversion

  3. Thermodynamics of electrochemical energy conversion

  4. Nernst equation

  5. Fuel cell types

  6. Stack design and system integration

  7. Applications


Topic 11

Renewable Energy System Development, Operation, and Management

  1. Finance

  2. Site design

  3. Planning

  4. Contracts

  5. Management

  6. Site commissioning

  7. Monitoring and maintenance

  8. Safety


Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

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