Engineering Institute of Technology


Unit Name


Unit Code



Unit Duration



Bachelor of Science (Engineering)


Duration 3 years

Year Level


Unit Creator/Reviewer





BSC101C, BSC107C

Credit Points



Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or on-campus.

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)

Lecture : 1.5 hours

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments: 2 hours Tutorial : 1.5 hours

Personal Study : 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims

The objective in presenting this unit is to provide students with detailed knowledge of the principles and practices governing the field of thermodynamics.


The subject matter covered in the unit will include: thermodynamic laws and their applications; steam and gas power cycle concepts; the use of steam and Mollier charts; thermodynamic relationships; applied thermodynamic concepts in relation to internal combustion (IC) engines, steam turbines, and air compressors and refrigeration cycles.


At the conclusion of this unit, students will have been imparted with the requisite knowledge to comprehend, distinguish, and apply the principles and practices governing the field of thermodynamics in their future work.


Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:


  1. Identify and apply basic thermodynamic principles and concepts.

  2. Evaluate the properties of pure substances, ideal and real gases.

  3. Establish the different thermodynamic relationships.

  4. Detail the working principles and practical applications of steam and gas power cycles.

  5. Evaluate the thermodynamic principles of steam nozzles, turbines and compressors

  6. Examine the working principles and applications of refrigeration cycles

    Professional Development

    Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

    1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

      1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

      2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

      3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

      4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

      5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

      6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

      7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

      8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

    2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

      1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

      2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

      3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

      4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

      5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

    3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

      1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

      2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

      3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

      4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

Engineers Australia

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.


Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency


Knowledge and Skill Base


Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.


Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.


In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.


Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.


Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.


Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.


Engineering Application Ability


Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.


Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.


Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.


Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.


Professional and Personal Attributes


Ethical conduct and professional accountability.


Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.


Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.


Professional use and management of information.


Orderly management of self and professional conduct.


Effective team membership and team leadership.

Graduate Attributes

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:


Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines


1.1, 1.3


1, 2, 4, 5, 6

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology




1, 3, 5

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain


2, 4, 6

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain




B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems


1.4, 2.1, 2.3


4, 6

B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice


2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2


C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience




4, 6

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures



D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3


D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain




E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability


1.6, 3.1, 3.4


E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work


3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6


Unit Competency and Learning Outcome Map

This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.




Graduate Attributes














Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

























































































































































































Unit Learning Outcomes
































































Student assessment

Assessment Type

When assessed

Weighting (% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed


Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Basic thermodynamic concepts, laws and applications, steam properties

Students will complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve simple problems based on basic thermodynamic concepts, laws and their application, to demonstrate evidence of their learning


Week 3




1, 2


Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Steam power cycles, ideal and real gas properties, thermodynamic relationships

Students will answer descriptive questions and perform calculations, to provide evidence of their understanding of steam power cycles, ideal and real gas properties and thermodynamic relationships


Week 7




2, 3, 4


Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

/ Report

Example Topic: Gas power cycles, nozzles, turbines, compressors

Students will provide answers to descriptive questions answers and solve short problems on the above topics or perform simulation exercises on remote lab


Week 10




4, 5


Assessment 4

Type: Examination consisting of shot summary answers and analytical problems

Word length: NA

Example Topic: All topics, but focussing more on refrigeration cycles

Students will provide short summary answers, solve analytical type problems covering all topics


Final Week




1 to 6


Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.




1 to 6

Prescribed and recommended readings



Moran, MJ, Shapiro, HN, Boettner, DD & Bailey, MB 2014, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 8th edn, Wiley, ISBN: 978-1118412930





Çengel, YA & Boles, MA 2015, Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 8th edn, McGraw-Hill Education, ISBN: 9789814595292

Holman, JP 1988, Thermodynamics, 4th edn, McGraw-Hill College, ISBN: 978-0070296336 Jones, JB & Hawkins, GA 1986, Engineering Thermodynamics: An Introductory Textbook,

2nd edn, Wiley, ISBN-13: 978-0471812029


Journal, website



Notes and Reference texts

Knovel library: IDC Technologies

Other material advised during the lectures


Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.


Topics 1 and 2

Basic Thermodynamic Concepts, First and Second Laws, Properties of Pure Substances

  1. Thermodynamic systems, property, control volume, work, heat as a path function

  2. First Law of Thermodynamics and its application to non-flow and flow processes

  3. Equilibrium, state, path, and process

  4. Second Law of Thermodynamics and its corollaries

  5. Clausius’ Inequality

  6. Entropy – point function

  7. Principle of increase of entropy and entropy change during thermodynamic processes

  8. Second law analysis of closed and steady flow systems

  9. Irreversibility

  10. Formation of steam and its thermodynamic properties

  11. p-v, p-T, T-v, T-s, h-s diagrams

  12. Use of Steam Tables and Mollier Charts

  13. Determination of dryness fraction

  14. Application of first and second laws for pure substances


Topics 3, 4 and 5

Steam Power Cycles

  1. Simple steam power cycle

  2. Steam cycle processes

  3. Ideal working fluid

  4. Ideal and actual Rankine cycles

  5. Comparison of Rankine and Carnot cycles

  6. Cycle Improvement Methods – Reheat and Regenerative cycles, Economizer, Pre-heater, Binary and Combined cycles


Topic 6

Ideal and Real Gases, Thermodynamic Relations

  1. Properties of ideal gas and comparison with real gas

  2. Equations of state for ideal and real gases

  3. Compressibility factor and compressibility charts

  4. Maxwell relations

  5. Tds Equations

  6. Difference and ratio of heat capacities

  7. Energy equation

  8. Joule-Thomson coefficient, Clausius Clapeyron equation

  9. Phase change processes


Topics 7 and 8

Gas Power Cycles

  1. Carnot, Otto, Diesel, Dual, Ericsson, Brayton, Stirling cycles

  2. Cycles with heat exchange, intercooling and reheating

  3. Air standard efficiency and mean effective pressure

  4. Combined gas and steam cycles

  5. Comparison of gas power cycles

  6. Actual and theoretical p-V diagrams for four stroke and two stroke engines


Topic 9

Steam Nozzles, Turbines, and Air Compressors

  1. Flow of steam through nozzles

  2. Effect of friction, critical pressure ratio, supersaturated flow

  3. Impulse and reaction principles

  4. Compounding

  5. Velocity diagram for simple and multi-stage turbines

  6. Operating principle of different compressor types

  7. Work of compression with and without clearance

  8. Volumetric efficiency, isothermal efficiency, and isentropic efficiencies of reciprocating compressors

  9. Multistage air compressor and inter cooling


Topics 10 and 11

Refrigeration Cycles

  1. Refrigeration by non-cyclic processes

  2. Reversed heat engine cycle

  3. Vapour compression refrigeration cycle

  4. Absorption refrigeration cycle

  5. Gas cycle refrigeration

  6. Heat pump system

  7. Liquefaction of gases

  8. Production of ice


Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

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