Engineering Institute of Technology


Unit Name


Unit Code

BME 206S


Unit Duration

Term (2 Terms for 24 week delivery*)


Bachelor of Science (Engineering)


Duration 3 years

Year Level


Unit Creator/Reviewer





BSC101C, BSC107C

Credit Points



Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or on-campus.

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week; 5 hours per week for 24 week delivery)

Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours (0.75 hours for 24 week delivery)

Tutorial – 1.5 hours

(0.75 hours for 24 week delivery)

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours (1 hour for 24 week delivery)

Personal Study recommended – 5 hours (2.5 hours for 24 week delivery)


  • This unit may be delivered over 24 weeks (2 Terms) because the nature of the content is deemed suitable (from a pedagogical perspective) for a longer duration than the standard 12 week (1 Term). In addition, these 24-week duration Units require half the student workload hours, 5 hours per week, which allows the total load to be kept at 15 hours per week when combined with a typical 10 hours per week, 12-week Unit. EIT has extensive data to demonstrate that if the load is higher than 15 hours per week the attrition rate for part time students dramatically increases.

    The objective in presenting this unit is to provide students with detailed knowledge of the principles and practices governing the field of fluid mechanics.


    The unit will include: basic fluid properties and laws governing fluid statics; principal concepts and methods of fluid kinematics and dynamics; fluid system flow analysis utilising the Continuity, Bernoulli, and Momentum equations; flow system analysis including boundary layer concepts and modelling based on dimensional analysis. Students will also undertake a project work involving dimensional analysis and modelling.


    At the conclusion of this unit, students will have been imparted with the requisite knowledge to comprehend, distinguish, and apply the principles and practices governing the field of fluid mechanics in their future work.


    Learning Outcomes


    On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

    1. Evaluate fluid properties and make a distinction between ideal, real, Newtonian, and non-Newtonian fluids.

    2. Identify and apply concepts related to statics and fluid flow dynamics.

    3. Perform detailed flow system analysis

    4. Detail the boundary layer concepts

    5. Perform dimensional analysis to solve problems in fluid mechanics

      Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

      1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

        1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

        2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

        3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

        4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

        5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

        6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

        7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

        8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

      2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

        1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

        2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

        3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

        4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

        5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

      3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

        1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

        2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

        3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

        4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.


Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency


Knowledge and Skill Base


Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.


Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.


In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.


Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.


Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.


Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.


Engineering Application Ability


Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.


Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.


Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.


Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.


Professional and Personal Attributes


Ethical conduct and professional accountability.


Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.


Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.


Professional use and management of information.


Orderly management of self and professional conduct.


Effective team membership and team leadership.

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:


Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines


1.1, 1.3


1, 2, 3, 5

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology




2, 3, 5

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain



A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain




B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems


1.4, 2.1, 2.3



B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice


2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2


C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience




3, 5

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures



D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3


D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain




E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability


1.6, 3.1, 3.4


E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work


3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6



This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.




Graduate Attributes














Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

























































































































































































Unit Learning Outcomes






















































Student assessment

Assessment Type

When assessed



(% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed


Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Fluid properties, statics

Students will complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve simple problems on fluid statics


Week 3

(Week 6 for

24 week delivery)




1, 2


Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Buoyancy, fluid kinematics and dynamics

Students will answer short essay questions and solve simple problems to demonstrate an understanding of the principles of buoyancy, fluid dynamics and kinematics


Week 6

(Week 12

for 24 week delivery)






Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

/ Report

Example Topic: Laminar flow, flow through pipes, boundary layer concepts

Students will perform simple calculations related to laminar flow, flow through pipes and boundary layer concept


Week 9

(Week 18

for 24 week delivery)




3, 4


Assessment 4

Type: Exam or project

Example Topic: Dimensional analysis, modelling

Students will undertake a project work on dimensional analysis and modelling. The assessor will specify the format in which the report will be prepared


Final Week






Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.






1 to 6

Prescribed and recommended readings


Graebel, WP 2001, Engineering Fluid Mechanics, International Student Edition, CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-1560327110



Massey, BS 1998, Mechanics of Fluids, 7th edn, CRC Press, ISBN-13: 978-0748740437


Journal, website



Notes and Reference texts

IDC Technologies

Other material advised during the lectures


Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.


Topic 1

Fluid Properties

  1. Ideal and real fluids

  2. Continuum concept

  3. Properties of fluids – mass density, weight density, specific volume, specific gravity, viscosity, surface tension, capillarity, vapour pressure, compressibility, bulk modulus

  4. Vapour pressure and cavitation

  5. Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids


Topics 2 and 3

Fluid Statics, Buoyancy

  1. Pressure and Pascal’s law

  2. Pressure measurement

  3. Hydrostatic force on submerged plane and curved surface

  4. Buoyancy and flotation

  5. Archimedes principle

  6. Liquid in relative equilibrium

  7. Equilibrium of floating and submerged bodies

  8. Determination of metacentric height

Topic 4

Fluid Kinematics

  1. Fluid flow, fluid motion, flow lines

  2. Continuity equation

  3. Velocity and acceleration

  4. Velocity potential function and stream function


Topic 5

Fluid Dynamics

  1. Euler’s equation of motion

  2. Bernoulli’s equation and its practical application

  3. Fluid Flow Measurements: Venturimeter, orifice meter, pitot-tube, orifice meter, notches

  4. Impulse momentum and momentum of momentum equations

  5. Kinetic energy and momentum correction factor


Topics 6 and 7

Laminar Flow and Viscous Effects, Flow through Pipes

  1. Reynold’s number

  2. Shear stress and pressure gradient relationship

  3. Laminar flow through circular pipe-Hagen Poiseille’s equation

  4. Laminar flow between parallel and stationary plates

  5. Minor losses through pipes

  6. Darey’s and Chezy’s equation for loss of head due to friction in pipes

  7. HGL and TEL


Topic 8

Flow Past Immersed Bodies and Boundary Layer Concept

  1. Drag and lift

  2. Displacement, momentum, and energy thickness

  3. Concept of boundary layer and definition of boundary layer thickness

  4. Analysis of laminar and turbulent boundary layers

  5. Boundary layer separation and control


Topic 9

Compressible fluid flow

  1. Velocity of sound in a fluid

  2. Sonic velocity

  3. Mach number and Mach cone

  4. Propagation of sound waves in a compressible fluid.


Topics 10 and 11

Dimensional Analysis

  1. Methods of dimensional analysis

  2. Types of similitude

  3. Rayleigh’s method

  4. Buckingham’s theorem

  5. Limitations

  6. Model analysis

  7. Dimensionless numbers and their significance

  8. Model laws – Reynold’s model law, Fraude’s model law, Euler’s model law, Weber’s model law, Mach’s Model law


Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

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